Before you start repairing wooden floorboards it is essential that you first understand what you are dealing with. Generally, there are three types of wooden floorboards:
Tongue-and-groove wooden floorboards: These are probably the easiest type of wooden floorboards to spot, at least in terms of the overall design. Basically, the boards are cut in half along a straight pattern and then joined together. Normally the joinery is a tongue and groove method and if the timber has been treated for strength, these floors can last for decades. This is certainly a long term commitment however because the board will need to be replaced from time to time.
Square edged boards: These are probably the most common type of wooden floorboards and many people will recognise the square design. The square edge is usually made by using small pieces of timber that have been cut along a straight pattern. One edge will be straight and the other is slanted towards the user. Square-edged boards are ideal for use in applications where the surface to which they will be installed is easily cleaned. Also they tend to be less expensive than some of the other options that are available on the market.
Tongue and groove floorboards: As the name suggests these are essentially a piece of timber that is arranged in a similar way to a grooved wooden floor. However, each board cut from this board type is cut with two edges parallel to each other. This is the basis of the tongue-and -groove design and it is what gives the floorboards their name. Again, these floorboards tend to be less expensive than some of the other options that are available and they can be easily installed if you follow the correct procedure.
Lateral and cross boards: As the name suggests these are the cross boards that run alongside the top and bottom of the floors. Each board is cut at an angle of 45 degrees and as its name suggests will face the respective side of the room that they are to be installed in. Most commonly the joist below these joists is slanted towards the wall so that the boards can then be attached to this wall. These wooden floorboards are easy to install if you have the proper tools, but can tend to bow if used on wet or moist surfaces.
Damp proofing wooden floors: Many people do not consider the fact that there may be moisture or even humidity present when they are purchasing wooden floors for their homes. If you live in an area of high damp or moisture levels, you should ensure that you purchase your wooden floorboards from a company that is known for their expertise with damp proofing. The advantage of using these wooden floorboards is that they are completely watertight and will not allow any moisture to penetrate underneath them.
Choosing the right wood: You need to ensure that the wood that you choose is completely kiln dried and that it has been protected by specialist professional floor cleaning machinery. You may also want to purchase your wooden floorboards from a company that specialises in sanding and polishing. This will ensure that the floorboard is free from scratches and is left looking extremely beautiful. If you are unsure as to which type of wood is best suited to your needs you can always ask a professional, they will be able to recommend based on experience what the best type of wood is. Once you have established the type of wood you need to use you will need to decide whether or not you want to purchase any dusters or Sanders as part of your wooden floorboards installation.
Dusters and Sanders are available from most good suppliers and are an essential part of any installation. A duster or sander will enable you to finish sanding the wood floor in the same time as the other components. This can help you achieve a great finish and if you are worried about giving your wooden flooring a chance to breathe then you should certainly use a dusting protector before the sanding begins. Floor Sanders can be purchased with either a belt or cord and will give you great flexibility as far as movement goes. A great finish can be achieved by using either a wet or dry sander depending on how you wish to achieve the best result.